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Ding Qi,Shan Xiujuan,Jin Xianshi. 2020. Ecological footprint and vulnerability of marine capture fisheries in China. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 39(4):100-109
Ecological footprint and vulnerability of marine capture fisheries in China
中国海洋捕捞业的生态足迹及脆弱性评价
Received:January 12, 2019  
DOI:10.1007/s13131-019-1468-y
Key words:marine capture fisheries  coastal provinces and municipalities  exploitation history  vulnerability
中文关键词:  海洋捕捞业  沿海省市  开发历程  脆弱性
基金项目:The National Key R&D Program of China under contract No. 2017YFE0104400; the National Basic Research Program of China under contract No. 2015CB453303; the Special Funds for Taishan Scholars Project of Shandong Province; the AoShan Talents Cultivation Program supported by Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology under contract No. 2017ASTCP-ES07; the Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund, CAFS under contract No. 2018GH20.
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Ding Qi Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Resources and Ecological Environment, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China 
 
Shan Xiujuan Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Resources and Ecological Environment, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China 
 
Jin Xianshi Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Resources and Ecological Environment, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China 
jin@ysfri.ac.cn 
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Abstract:
      China (herein referred as China’s mainland, and excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan) ranks as the world’s leading fishing nation, with approximately 11.1 million tons of domestic marine catch acquired in 2017. Marine fisheries resources in China are mainly exploited by its 11 coastal provinces and municipalities, and the development of fishing industry varies among them. However, few studies have examined the exploitation history of the 11 coastal provinces and municipalities. In this paper, we systematically quantified the exploitation history of marine fishery resources in China and then measured the vulnerability of the 11 coastal provinces and municipalities of China to a reduction in marine catches. Our analysis suggested that Chinese marine fisheries experienced rapid growth from the mid-1980s to the end of the 20th century, and this rapid increase in marine catches were mainly promoted by increased fishing effort. The total primary production required level amounted to approximately 80% of the average primary productivity in 2017, and Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Hainan and Guangdong provinces were the main fishing provinces in China. By assessing three dimensions of vulnerability (exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity) to the impacts of a reduction in marine catches in the 11 coastal provinces and municipalities, we found that Hainan, Guangxi, Zhejiang and Fujian provinces had high or very high vulnerability, while the municipalities of Shanghai and Tianjin had low vulnerability. Identifying suitable adaptation policies and management plans based on the differences in vulnerability among coastal provinces is important in sustainable fisheries management.
中文摘要:
      中国(本文仅指中国大陆,不包括香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区和台湾省)作为全球最大的渔业国,2017年其国内海洋捕捞量近1110万吨。中国海洋渔业资源主要由其11个沿海省市开发,且各省市的渔业开发历程差异显著。然而,至今还未有研究对11个沿海省市的渔业开发历程进行探讨。本研究系统量化了中国海洋渔业资源的开发历程,并进一步评估了中国11个沿海省市对海洋捕捞量降低的脆弱性。研究表明,中国海洋捕捞业自20世纪80年代中期至20世纪末快速发展,但海洋捕捞量的大幅上升伴随着捕捞努力量的迅速增加。2017年我国维持海洋捕捞量所需初级生产力占初级生产力的比重%PPR约为80%,其中,浙江省、福建省、山东省、海南省和广东省是主要捕捞省份。通过从脆弱性的三个方面(暴露度、敏感性、适应性)评估我国11个沿海省市对海洋捕捞量降低的脆弱性,研究发现海南省、广西省、浙江省和福建省具有极高或高脆弱性;而上海市和天津市属于低脆弱性。制定针对省份间脆弱性差异的适应性措施和管理政策对我国的可持续渔业管理至关重要。
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