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ZHOU Zhengquan,LI Xiaojing,CHEN Linlin,LI Baoquan,LIU Tiantian,AI Binghua,YANG Lufei,LIU Bo,CHEN Qiao. 2018. Macrobenthic assemblage characteristics under stressed waters and ecological health assessment using AMBI and M-AMBI:a case study at the Xin'an River Estuary, Yantai, China. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 37(5):77-86
Macrobenthic assemblage characteristics under stressed waters and ecological health assessment using AMBI and M-AMBI:a case study at the Xin'an River Estuary, Yantai, China
受扰动海域大型底栖动物群落特征及基于AMBI和M-AMBI指数的生态健康评价:以山东烟台辛安河口为例
Received:March 11, 2017  Revised:July 30, 2017
DOI:10.1007/s13131-018-1180-x
Key words:macrobenthos  Xin’an River Estuary  ocean acidification  hypoxia  AMBI  M-AMBI
中文关键词:  大型底栖动物  辛安河口  海洋酸化  缺氧  AMBI  M-AMBI
基金项目:The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract Nos XDA11020403 and XDA1102702; the Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract No. KZZD-EW-14; the NSFC-NOW "Water Ways, Harbours, Estuaries and Coastal Engineering" Scheme co-supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. NSFC41061130543; the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research under contract No. 843.10.003; the International Cooperation, CAS, Chinese-Foreign Cooperation in Key Projects under contract No. 133337KYSB20160002.
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
ZHOU Zhengquan Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 
 
LI Xiaojing Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 
 
CHEN Linlin Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China  
LI Baoquan Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China bqli@yic.ac.cn 
LIU Tiantian Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China
Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China 
 
AI Binghua Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China  
YANG Lufei Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China
Ocean School of Yantai University, Yantai 264003, China 
 
LIU Bo Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Bioresource Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China
Ocean School of Yantai University, Yantai 264003, China 
 
CHEN Qiao Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China  
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Abstract:
      To understand the ecological status and macrobenthic assemblages of the Xin'an River Estuary and its adjacent waters, a survey was conducted for environmental variables and macrobenthic assemblage structure in September 2012 (Yantai, China). Several methods are adopted in the data analysis process:dominance index, diversity indices, cluster analysis, non-metric multi-dimentional scaling ordination, AMBI and M-AMBI. The dissolved inorganic nitrogen and soluble reactive phosphorus of six out of eight sampling stations were in a good condition with low concentration. The average value of DO ((2.89±0.60) mg/L) and pH (4.28±0.43) indicated that the research area faced with the risk of ocean acidification and underlying hypoxia. A total of 62 species were identified, of which the dominant species group was polychaetes. The average abundance and biomass was 577.50 ind./m2 and 6.01 g/m2, respectively. Compared with historical data, the macrobenthic assemblage structure at waters around the Xin'an River Estuary was in a relatively stable status from 2009 to 2012. Contaminant indicator species Capitella capitata appeared at Sta. Y1, indicating the animals here suffered from hypoxia and acidification. AMBI and M-AMBI results showed that most sampling stations were slightly disturbed, which were coincided with the abiotic measurement on evaluating the health conditions. Macrobenthic communities suffered pressures from ocean acidification and hypoxia at the research waters, particularly those at Stas Y1, Y2 and Y5, which displays negative results in benthic health evaluation.
中文摘要:
      根据2012年9月对山东烟台辛安河口海域大型底栖动物调查资料,采用优势度指数、物种多样性指数、Cluster聚类和MDS排序、AMBI和M-AMBI等方法,结合单因子标准指数等非生物因素指标研究该海域底栖群落结构和生态状况。调查结果表明,水体无机氮和活性磷酸盐属于一类或二类海水水质标准,但调查海域溶解氧和pH均属于或超出四类海水水质标准,说明调查海域受到海洋酸化和缺氧的干扰。该海域共采集大型底栖动物62种,总平均丰度为577.50 ind./m2,总平均生物量为6.01g/m2,多毛动物是主要优势类群。污染指示种小头虫在Y1站位大量出现,结合环境数据分析表明该处底栖环境受到海洋酸化和缺氧的严重干扰。与2009-2011年历史数据比较,辛安河口及其邻近海域的底栖生物群落状况变化不大。AMBI和M-AMBI评价结果与环境因子评价较一致,该海域底栖生态环境受到轻度干扰,环境质量介于较差到高等之间。海洋酸化和缺氧对底栖生物群落结构产生影响,尤其是Y1,Y2和Y5站位,底栖环境评价结果均较差。
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