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HAO Guanghua,SU Jie. 2015. A study on the dynamic tie points ASI algorithm in the Arctic Ocean. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34(11):126-135
A study on the dynamic tie points ASI algorithm in the Arctic Ocean
北极海冰密集度动态系点值ASI反演算法研究
Received:February 16, 2015  Revised:April 16, 2015
DOI:10.1007/s13131-015-0659-y
Key words:dynamic tie points ASI algorithm  sea ice concentration  AMSR-E  MODIS
中文关键词:  动态系点值ASI算法  海冰密集度  AMSR-E  MODIS
基金项目:The Global Change Research Program of China under contract No. 2015CB953901; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41330960 and 41276193.
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
HAO Guanghua Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography of Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China  
SU Jie Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography of Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China sujie@ouc.edu.cn 
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Abstract:
      Sea ice concentration is an important parameter for polar sea ice monitoring. Based on 89 GHz AMSR-E (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System) data, a gridded high-resolution passive microwave sea ice concentration product can be obtained using the ASI (the Arctic Radiation And Turbulence Interaction Study (ARTIST) Sea Ice) retrieval algorithm. Instead of using fixed-point values, we developed ASI algorithm based on daily changed tie points, called as the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm in this study. Here the tie points are expressed as the brightness temperature polarization difference of open water and 100% sea ice. In 2010, the yearly-averaged tie points of open water and sea ice in Arctic are estimated to be 50.8 K and 7.8 K, respectively. It is confirmed that the sea ice concentrations retrieved by the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm can increase (decrease) the sea ice concentrations in low-value (high-value) areas. This improved the sea ice concentrations by present retrieval algorithm from microwave data to some extent. Comparing with the products using fixed tie points, the sea ice concentrations retrieved from AMSR-E data by using the dynamic tie point ASI algorithm are closer to those obtained from MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In 40 selected cloud-free sample regions, 95% of our results have smaller mean differences and 75% of our results have lower root mean square (RMS) differences compare with those by the fixed tie points.
中文摘要:
      海冰密集度是极区海冰监测的重要因素,使用AMSR-E (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for Earth Observing System) 89GHz数据ASI反演算法得到的海冰密集度是目前能够获得的分辨率最高的微波数据.在以前的算法中往往使用固定的系点值,本研究实现了动态系点值ASI (the Arctic Radiation And Turbulence Interaction Study (ARTIST) Sea Ice)算法,更重要的是在统计开阔水系点值的时候消除了云对系点值的影响,使得纯水系点值更接近真实状况.得到2010年平均的开阔水和海冰的系点值分别为50.8K和7.8K,通过每天的系点值得到的反演方程在低密集度区增大了海冰密集度,在高密集冰区减小了海冰密集度,从而在一定程度上改善了微波数据的反演准确度.通过和北极区域选取40幅不受云影响的MODIS 500m分辨率宽频大气层顶反照率(broadband TOA albedo)计算的海冰密集度进行了比较验证.结果显示,40个个例中,95%本文的平均差异比使用固定系点值算法产品的小,而且75%的均方根差异比使用固定系点值算法产品的小.
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